Configuring the Print Server
This is the trickiest part, and is probably what has given these devices a reputation
for being difficult to use.
If you're using a network of NT-based computers, I recommend you just follow two simple
rules: do not
use the manufacturer's software, and set the print server
to use a static IP address. With that, you're ready to add the printer to Windows.
To understand the problems, let's first step back and review some basic networking concepts.
Most of these devices are quite versatile and may support a number of different networking
protocols (TCP/IP, NetBEUI, IPX, AppleTalk) and/or operating systems.
However, the following discussion will be limited to what is likely the most prevalent
environment: an ethernet network of Windows NT-based machines communicating via TCP/IP.
TCP/IP and DHCP
Devices on a TCP/IP network use IP addresses. No two devices on the same network
should use the same IP address
. Each device should have its own IP address
to distinguish it from the other devices. The exact IP address is not important
(and in fact may change from time to time), but in order to communicate with each
other devices must use IP addresses in the same subnet.
is a range of IP addresses.
Common subnets used in home LANs are a group of roughly 253 IP addresses covering
the range 192.168.0.xxx, or 192.168.1.xxx, or 192.168.11.xxx, for example.
If, say, two computers are using IP addresses of 192.168.1.2 and 192.168.1.101,
they will be on the same subnet and able to communicate.
In contrast, if the computers are using 192.168.1.15 and 192.168.0.50, they will
not be able to communicate because they are on different subnets--the third
dotted numbers are different.
(Sticklers may argue that subnets can be tweaked, but that's picayune.
The point is that devices must be on the same subnet, and in typical home LANs
that usually means the first three dotted numbers of the IP address must be the
same for all devices.)
A computer's IP address can be set manually. However, this has a few drawbacks.
If you set the IP address manually, you also have to manually set some other things
(subnet mask, gateway IP, DNS server IPs). Most important, though, is that it is
then up to you to make sure IPs don't conflict. Also, if the machine is a laptop
that travels from place to place, you'll probably have to keep changing the
settings as you move back and forth from an office LAN to your home LAN.
Host Configuration Protocol
) makes things easier.
Rather than manually setting a fixed IP, you can set Windows to "Obtain an IP
address automatically." Windows will ask the network what IP it should use,
and a DHCP server
on the network will give it an IP address.
As a laptop moves between office and home, it can automatically get an IP address
that works for the LAN to which it is connected.
The common home LAN is based around a broadband router, with the router having a
built-in DHCP server function. The DHCP server doles out IP addresses that are
in the same subnet as itself, so if all your computers ask the DHCP server for
their IPs, they will all be able to communicate with each other. The DHCP server
also keeps track so it doesn't give the same IP to two machines.
Note that any machine may get a different IP from the last time it booted up if
the DHCP server has given the previous IP to someone else in the interim.
If you manually set your computer's IP address, it's up to you make sure it's in
the same subnet as everybody else. It's also up to you to make sure it doesn't
conflict with anybody else. A DHCP server assigns IP addresses from a pool within
the same subnet, so if you manually set your IP it is wise practice to use an
address that is in the same subnet but not in the DHCP pool. For example, a Linksys
router's defaults are to use 192.168.1.1 for itself and fulfill DHCP requests from
the pool 192.168.1.100-149. If you manually set an IP address, choose something in
the range 192.168.1.2-99 or 192.168.1.150-254.
last revised: 08/25/2007